Earthquake with magnitude of ML 3.0 on date 21-03-2024 and time 09:37:04 (Italy) in region Isole Eolie (Messina)

A magnitude ML 3.0 earthquake occured in region: Isole Eolie (Messina), on

  • 21-03-2024 08:37:04 (UTC)
  • 21-03-2024 09:37:04 (UTC +01:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 38.5010, 15.0120 at 274 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Lipari ME 6 12753 12753
Santa Marina Salina ME 14 903 13656
Leni ME 17 696 14352
Malfa ME 18 982 15334

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
58 Km NW of Messina (238439 inhabitants)
70 Km NW of Reggio di Calabria (183035 inhabitants)
100 Km N of Acireale (52622 inhabitants)
Recent and historical seismicity

These maps show the seismic activity in different time intervals, before the seismic event to which they refer. Data reported in the first two maps come from the analysis carried out in real time by the personnel of the INGV Operating Rooms, immediately after each earthquake. The third map shows data from 1985 to the date of the earthquake: the locations are reviewed by the seismological analysts of the INGV Italian Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV). The localization parameters (hypocentral coordinates and magnitude) are the best possible estimate with the data available to the INGV, but are constantly updated according to further data that become available. The location and magnitude parameters, subsequently reviewed by seismological analysts, may vary.

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 0.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 72 hours preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 2.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 90 days preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 3.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, from 1985 to the date of this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version 3.0, since 1000 AD until 2019. The size of the square indicates the different classes of magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.

These three maps show the results of the analysis using the software ShakeMap designed to provide the level of ground shaking experienced in a region using the data recorded by seismometers and strong motion instruments and seismological information regarding the attenuation of the wavefield with distance and the site characteristics. The Shakemaps are determined for research purposes to provide fast estimates of the level of ground shaking produced by the earthquake. The maps are calculated automatically and updated as more data become available. See for additional information. The black star indicates the epicenter. The triangles show the accelerometric and velocimetric stations used in the calculation, colored according to the recorded shaking.

Intensity Shakemap

Intensity Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of instrumental intensities. The intensity is derived through an empirical law that correlates the recorded values of actual ground shaking, e.g., acceleration and velocity, with the macroseismic intensity for Italian earthquakes, as reported in the Italian Macroseismic Database (DBMI15,
Peak ground acceleration Shakemap

Peak ground acceleration Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of peak ground acceleration expressed as percent of the acceleration of gravity (i.e., g = 9.81 m/s²).
Peak velocity Shakemap

Peak velocity Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of peak ground velocities expressed in cm/s.
Felt maps
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
ML 3.0 2024-03-21
38.5012 15.0123 274 2024-03-21
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 126026841
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2024-03-21 08:37:04 ± 0.35
Latitude 38.5012 ± 0.0531
Longitude 15.0123 ± 0.0379
Depth (km) 274 ± 3 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 126026841


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 6084
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 2773
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 163
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 6080.0
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 94
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 43
Number of defining phases 37
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.39
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0.00000
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.79774
Number of stations at which the event was observed 34
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 28
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 3.0
Uncertainty 0.2
Num. used stations 38
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 126026841
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2024-03-21 08:53:59
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance(km) Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.LPEL.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:51.54 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -9.99 0
IV.SGG.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:48.59 3.0 undecidable manual Sg -0.42 0
IT.MCS.HGZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:37.84 3.0 negative manual Pn -5.41 0
IV.GAVE.EHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:29.23 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 4.41 0
IV.NARO.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:24.33 3.0 positive manual Pn -9.99 0
IV.MRCB.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:07.21 0.6 undecidable manual S 122 70.8735 165 -1.04 43
IV.NOV.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:07.70 1.0 undecidable manual S 168 53.6019 169 0.3 29
IV.IVLT.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:07.05 0.6 undecidable manual S 206 12.876 177 0.75 55
3D.OEM9.HNZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:07.30 0.6 undecidable manual S 188 12.6762 177 1 49
IV.IVUG.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:38:07.20 0.6 undecidable manual S 191 11.877 177 0.9 52
IV.IVPL.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:06.69 1.0 undecidable manual S 191 14.1747 177 0.37 31
IV.SICLA.EHE. 2024-03-21T08:38:06.63 0.6 undecidable manual S 114 66.8775 166 -1.4 36
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:06.19 0.6 undecidable manual S 121 50.5161 169 -1.08 44
IV.MPNC.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:06.69 0.6 undecidable manual S 143 49.2174 169 -0.53 56
IV.VVLD.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:38:05.40 3.0 undecidable manual Pn -7.5 0
IV.MFNL.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:48.65 0.3 negative manual P 247 198.6567 143 0.28 57
IV.LADO.EHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:47.00 0.6 undecidable manual P 62 190.7646 144 -0.79 33
IV.SCIAC.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:47.31 0.6 undecidable manual P 237 199.5447 143 -1.13 28
IV.RAFF.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:46.26 0.6 negative manual P 202 152.8359 150 1.05 36
IV.GRIS.EHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:46.04 1.0 negative manual P 27 155.3223 149 0.68 21
IV.SERS.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:45.36 0.3 undecidable manual P 67 156.621 149 -0.09 73
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:44.71 0.6 undecidable manual P 35 139.9488 152 0.28 50
IV.MPG.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:37:44.41 0.3 undecidable manual P 256 148.6401 151 -0.53 69
IV.PETRA.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:43.12 0.3 undecidable manual P 227 107.8143 158 0.4 78
IV.PLAC.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:43.61 0.3 positive manual P 92 123.987 155 0.08 81
IV.SOLUN.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:43.83 0.1 negative manual P 251 136.5633 153 -0.4 98
IV.MPAZ.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:43.16 0.3 undecidable manual P 125 105.8163 158 0.53 76
IV.GIB.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:42.26 0.3 undecidable manual P 237 102.9192 159 -0.24 82
IV.SOI.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:42.93 0.3 negative manual P 117 102.4197 159 0.46 78
IV.GMB1.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:42.02 0.6 undecidable manual P 117 79.0653 163 0.49 54
IV.MTTG.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:42.24 0.3 undecidable manual P 132 81.4518 163 0.62 76
IV.MRCB.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:41.14 0.3 undecidable manual P 122 70.8735 165 -0.11 89
IV.NOV.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:41.61 0.6 undecidable manual P 168 53.6019 169 0.85 49
3D.OEM9.HNZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.08 0.3 undecidable manual P 188 12.6762 177 -0.05 100
IV.MPNC.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.66 1.0 positive manual P 143 49.2174 169 0 32
IV.ISNA.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.42 0.6 undecidable manual P 293 15.2736 177 0.27 63
IV.MSFR.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.78 0.3 undecidable manual P 215 63.492 166 -0.25 88
IV.IVPL.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.06 1.0 undecidable manual P 191 14.1747 177 -0.08 33
IV.SICLA.EHE. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.49 0.6 undecidable manual P 114 66.8775 166 -0.64 52
IV.IVLT.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.22 0.3 undecidable manual P 206 12.876 177 0.09 99
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2024-03-21T08:37:40.32 0.3 undecidable manual P 121 50.5161 169 -0.37 88
IV.IVUG.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:37:39.86 0.6 undecidable manual P 191 11.877 177 -0.26 64
IV.MCPD.HHN. 2024-03-21T08:37:39.85 0.6 undecidable manual P 210 48.9177 170 -0.8 51
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.SOLUN.HHE. ML:2.9 0.0000913 0.56 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:44.05
IV.SOLUN.HHN. ML:2.9 0.00008879999999999999 0.36 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:44.47
IV.MFNL.HHN. ML:2.7 0.0000479 0.74 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:50.04
IV.MFNL.HHE. ML:2.6 0.000039649999999999995 0.98 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:50.12
IV.SCIAC.HHN. ML:2.9 0.00007185 1.08 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:50.66
IV.SCIAC.HHE. ML:2.8 0.00006055 0.28 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:52.23
IX.SCL3.EHN.02 ML:3.4 0.000171 0.66 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:59.04
IX.SCL3.EHE.02 ML:3.6 0.000324 0.1 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:37:59.17
IV.MSRU.HHN. ML:3.2 0.000256 1.78 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:07.10
IV.MSRU.HNN. ML:3.2 0.0002535 0.2 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:08.10
IV.GMB1.HNE. ML:3.0 0.00014600000000000003 1.24 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:09.88
IV.GMB1.HHE. ML:3.1 0.00016849999999999998 1.42 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:09.28
IV.GMB1.HNN. ML:3.2 0.0002095 0.62 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:10.31
IV.GMB1.HHN. ML:3.2 0.0001945 1.12 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:10.87
IV.MSRU.HNE. ML:3.3 0.000311 0.28 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:11.10
IV.MSRU.HHE. ML:3.3 0.0002965 0.28 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:11.10
IV.MRCB.HHN. ML:3.1 0.000179 0.66 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:11.30
IV.PLAC.HHE. ML:3.1 0.0001385 1.66 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.92
IV.PLAC.HHN. ML:3.0 0.00012 0.34 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.00
IV.MRCB.HHE. ML:3.1 0.0001665 1.36 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.87
IV.IVPL.HHE. ML:2.9 0.00013000000000000002 1.12 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.60
IV.SOI.HHN. ML:2.8 0.0000783 0.54 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.91
IV.NOV.HHE. ML:3.2 0.0002125 1.52 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:12.20
IV.NOV.HHN. ML:3.1 0.0001815 1.16 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:13.85
IV.MPAZ.HHN. ML:3.0 0.000132 1.36 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:13.19
IV.MPNC.HHE. ML:3.2 0.0002235 0.58 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:14.81
IV.MPAZ.HHE. ML:3.0 0.000136 0.98 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:14.76
IV.SERS.HHN. ML:2.7 0.000058800000000000006 0.52 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:15.28
IV.IVPL.HHN. ML:3.0 0.0001545 0.56 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:15.30
IV.MTTG.HHE. ML:3.2 0.00021799999999999999 0.58 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:15.47
IV.SERS.HHE. ML:2.6 0.00004615 0.6 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:16.32
IV.MTTG.HHN. ML:3.2 0.0002055 0.6 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:16.47
IV.SOI.HHE. ML:2.8 0.00008275 0.4 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:16.77
IV.MPNC.HHN. ML:3.1 0.000185 0.78 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:17.16
IV.LADO.EHN. ML:2.8 0.00006385 0.66 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:21.89
IV.LADO.EHE. ML:2.7 0.00004685 0.42 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:22.40
IV.GRIS.EHE. ML:2.7 0.00004875 1.5 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:23.95
IV.GRIS.EHN. ML:2.6 0.00004725 0.94 AML other m 2024-03-21T08:38:35.21
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Fault Plane solutions in the area
Fault Plane solutions

Fault Plane solutions

The map reports the fault plane solutions for earthquakes in the region from 1977 to the date of this event. Red moment tensors are determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor technique (RCMT, applied for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when a station azimuthal coverage exists RCMTs can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude down to 4.0. The gray moment tensors are obtained with the Time Domain Moment Tensor method (TDMT, /tdmt). This technique is applied to earthquakes with magnitude ML greater than 3.2, when it is possible. The size of symbols scales with the calculated moment magnitude Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in miniseed + resp format Download