Earthquake with magnitude of ML 3.0 on date 04-05-2023 and time 02:02:15 (UTC) in region Isole Eolie (Messina)

A magnitude ML 3.0 earthquake occured in region: Isole Eolie (Messina), on

  • 04-05-2023 02:02:15 (UTC)
  • 04-05-2023 04:02:15 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 38.7480, 15.0560 at 274 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

No Italian municipalities within 20 km distance.

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
75 Km NW of Messina (238439 inhabitants)
88 Km NW of Reggio di Calabria (183035 inhabitants)
Recent and historical seismicity

These maps show the seismic activity in different time intervals, before the seismic event to which they refer. Data reported in the first two maps come from the analysis carried out in real time by the personnel of the INGV Operating Rooms, immediately after each earthquake. The third map shows data from 1985 to the date of the earthquake: the locations are reviewed by the seismological analysts of the INGV Italian Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV). The localization parameters (hypocentral coordinates and magnitude) are the best possible estimate with the data available to the INGV, but are constantly updated according to further data that become available. The location and magnitude parameters, subsequently reviewed by seismological analysts, may vary.

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 0.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 72 hours preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 2.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 90 days preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 3.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, from 1985 to the date of this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version 3.0, since 1000 AD until 2019. The size of the square indicates the different classes of magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.

These three maps show the results of the analysis using the software ShakeMap designed to provide the level of ground shaking experienced in a region using the data recorded by seismometers and strong motion instruments and seismological information regarding the attenuation of the wavefield with distance and the site characteristics. The Shakemaps are determined for research purposes to provide fast estimates of the level of ground shaking produced by the earthquake. The maps are calculated automatically and updated as more data become available. See for additional information. The black star indicates the epicenter. The triangles show the accelerometric and velocimetric stations used in the calculation, colored according to the recorded shaking.

Intensity Shakemap

Intensity Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of instrumental intensities. The intensity is derived through an empirical law that correlates the recorded values of actual ground shaking, e.g., acceleration and velocity, with the macroseismic intensity for Italian earthquakes, as reported in the Italian Macroseismic Database (DBMI15,
Peak ground acceleration Shakemap

Peak ground acceleration Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of peak ground acceleration expressed as percent of the acceleration of gravity (i.e., g = 9.81 m/s²).
Peak velocity Shakemap

Peak velocity Shakemap

This map shows the distribution of peak ground velocities expressed in cm/s.
Felt maps
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
ML 3.0 2023-05-04
38.7485 15.0565 274 2023-05-04
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 117001201
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2023-05-04 02:02:15 ± 0.32
Latitude 38.7485 ± 0.0315
Longitude 15.0565 ± 0.0680
Depth (km) 274 ± 3 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 117001201


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 6373
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 2283
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 114
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 6370.0
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 203
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 33
Number of defining phases 20
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.25
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0.00000
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.16732
Number of stations at which the event was observed 27
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 15
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 3.0
Uncertainty 0.3
Num. used stations 56
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 117001201
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2023-05-04 02:11:49
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance(km) Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.VCEL.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:04:26.47 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 4.51 0
IV.ATFO.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:41.99 3.0 undecidable manual Pn -6.2 0
IV.VCEL.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:38.76 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 6.84 0
IV.SPS2.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:23.74 0.6 undecidable manual S 61 125.874 154 -0.05 48
IV.CAR1.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:22.97 0.6 undecidable manual S 60 114.1968 157 0.22 47
IV.MRCB.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:21.07 0.6 undecidable manual S 139 85.9473 162 0.49 47
IV.FERC.HHZ.00 2023-05-04T02:03:21.18 0.6 undecidable manual S 109 98.5236 160 -0.3 48
IV.RESU.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:21.19 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -2.29 0
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:19.20 0.6 undecidable manual S 144 66.5778 166 -0.22 52
IV.MTGR.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:03:07.39 3.0 undecidable manual Pn -0.16 0
IV.PIPA.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:58.76 3.0 negative manual Pn -2.2 0
IV.CELI.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:57.27 3.0 positive manual Pn -1.63 0
IV.AGST.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:57.16 3.0 positive manual Pn -0.65 0
IV.SELL.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:56.40 3.0 negative manual Pn -0.87 0
IV.T0702.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:56.51 0.6 undecidable manual P 100
IV.SERS.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:56.31 3.0 undecidable manual Pn -1.5 0
IV.GRI.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:55.56 3.0 negative manual Pn -0.11 0
IV.SPS2.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:55.17 0.6 undecidable manual P 61 125.874 154 0.11 47
IY.CHCE.HHZ.00 2023-05-04T02:02:55.35 3.0 positive manual Pn 0.05 0
IV.PLAC.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:55.15 3.0 negative manual P -0.01 0
IV.GRIS.HNN. 2023-05-04T02:02:55.54 1.0 undecidable manual P 32 129.5703 154 0.28 23
IV.CAR1.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:54.19 0.6 undecidable manual P 60 114.1968 157 -0.27 47
IY.OPPI.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:54.30 0.3 positive manual P 123 98.5236 160 0.57 67
IV.FERC.HHZ.00 2023-05-04T02:02:54.10 0.3 positive manual P 109 98.5236 160 0.37 71
IV.SOI.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:54.50 0.3 negative manual P 131 114.5964 156 0.02 74
IY.SPDC.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:53.49 1.0 undecidable manual P 104 96.4257 160 -0.15 25
IV.GIZZ.HHE. 2023-05-04T02:02:53.61 0.6 undecidable manual P 75 102.7194 159 -0.3 47
IV.AIO.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:53.77 0.3 positive manual P 170 87.5457 162 0.5 71
TV.GMB1.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:53.38 0.3 undecidable manual P 134 91.9413 161 -0.07 76
IV.SICLA.EHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:52.51 0.1 positive manual P 133 79.0653 163 -0.44 97
IV.MRCB.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:52.99 0.1 positive manual P 139 85.9473 162 -0.22 100
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2023-05-04T02:02:52.01 1.0 negative manual P 144 66.5778 166 -0.53 24
IV.IVPL.HNN. 2023-05-04T02:02:51.88 0.6 undecidable manual P 189 41.8248 171 -0.04 56
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IY.OPPI.HHE. ML:3.1 0.00018003030000000002 0.2592 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:56.22
TV.GMB1.HHN. ML:2.5 0.00004185 1.4 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:55.89
TV.GMB1.HHE. ML:2.5 0.0000424 0.98 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:55.50
IY.SPDC.HHE. ML:3.2 0.00020590979999999997 0.4192 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:57.95
IV.MTGR.HHN. ML:3.3 0.0001693851 0.24 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:07.32
IV.MTGR.HHE. ML:3.2 0.000119997825 0.0992 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:09.86
IY.OPPI.HHN. ML:3.2 0.000214 0.3 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:23.64
IY.SPDC.HHN. ML:3.2 0.000228 0.38 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:24.22
IV.PLAC.HHN. ML:2.6 0.000052425645 0.4992 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:25.95
IV.GRI.EHE. ML:2.8 0.00007818036 0.56 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.80
IV.SPS2.HHN. ML:2.5 0.00004124999999999999 0.42 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:25.62
IV.SERS.HHE. ML:2.9 0.00009315 0.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.36
IY.CHCE.HHE.00 ML:3.0 0.000126954765 0.32 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.36
IY.CHCE.HHN.00 ML:3.0 0.000126 0.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.39
IV.SERS.HNN. ML:2.9 0.00009104999999999999 0.38 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.35
IV.GRI.EHN. ML:2.9 0.000106 0.4 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:26.62
IV.CAR1.HHN. ML:3.1 0.00015392158 0.52 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.26
IV.CAR1.HNN. ML:3.1 0.00014751418 0.4304 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.27
IV.SERS.HNE. ML:3.1 0.00013800000000000002 0.72 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.76
IV.SERS.HHN. ML:3.0 0.0001255 0.72 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.76
IV.SELL.HHE. ML:2.8 0.00006415 0.48 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.69
IV.CAR1.HNE. ML:3.1 0.0001565 1.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.71
IV.SELL.HNE. ML:3.2 0.00020801124999999997 0.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.69
IV.CAR1.HHE. ML:3.1 0.00014768874999999997 0.6192 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:28.02
IV.PLAC.HHE. ML:2.7 0.00005988702 1.9216 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:43.35
IV.SPS2.HHE. ML:2.4 0.000031199135 0.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:30.69
IV.SELL.HHN. ML:2.6 0.0000506 1.34 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:30.75
IV.SELL.HNN. ML:3.3 0.000215 1.34 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:30.08
IV.MSRU.HHE. ML:3.1 0.0001707224 1.7792 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:32.90
IV.MSRU.HHN. ML:2.9 0.0001109367 1.72 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:49.84
IV.MSRU.HNE. ML:3.1 0.00017663895 1.2016 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:18.60
IV.MSRU.HNN. ML:2.9 0.0001033 0.6192 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:40.77
IV.SICLA.EHE. ML:3.0 0.000137368825 1.0208 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:27.24
IV.SICLA.EHN. ML:3.4 0.0003187604 1.6 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:12.96
IV.MRCB.HHE. ML:2.6 0.000061968085 1.9008 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:47.70
IV.MRCB.HHN. ML:2.6 0.00005275323 1.04 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:19.00
TV.GMB1.HNE. ML:3.0 0.000135476685 0.1408 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:56.50
TV.GMB1.HNN. ML:3.0 0.00013257315 0.1408 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:55.82
IV.AIO.HHE. ML:2.5 0.000040923185 0.2208 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:56.95
IV.AIO.HHN. ML:2.7 0.00006385340500000001 0.24 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:56.00
IV.FERC.HHE.00 ML:4.8 0.007601284 2.2208 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:29.92
IV.FERC.HHN.00 ML:4.7 0.007086477999999999 2.88 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:53.10
IV.SOI.EHE. ML:2.7 0.000064939775 1.4592 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:31.32
IV.SOI.EHN. ML:2.7 0.00006483621500000001 0.92 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:28.00
IV.PLAC.HNE. ML:2.9 0.00008763716 1.16 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:29.16
IV.PLAC.HNN. ML:2.7 0.000065758405 0.7712 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:43.15
IV.AGST.EHE. ML:3.1 0.00014721445 1.2592 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:56.49
IV.AGST.EHN. ML:3.1 0.00012926925 1.36 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:28.03
IV.CELI.HNE. ML:2.9 0.000092321705 0.5008 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:28.75
IV.CELI.HNN. ML:3.0 0.00011742545 1.16 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:15.95
IV.CELI.HHE. ML:2.8 0.000067570205 0.48 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:28.59
IV.CELI.HHN. ML:2.7 0.000060602935 0.8608 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:29.29
IV.PIPA.HHE. ML:2.9 0.000083241795 0.72 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:42.10
IV.PIPA.HHN. ML:2.9 0.000086978165 1.28 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:51.23
IV.PIPA.HNE. ML:3.2 0.00015961114999999998 1 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:03:43.57
IV.PIPA.HNN. ML:3.3 0.00020203145 0.84 AML other m 2023-05-04T02:02:59.15
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Fault Plane solutions in the area
Fault Plane solutions

Fault Plane solutions

The map reports the fault plane solutions for earthquakes in the region from 1977 to the date of this event. Red moment tensors are determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor technique (RCMT, applied for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when a station azimuthal coverage exists RCMTs can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude down to 4.0. The gray moment tensors are obtained with the Time Domain Moment Tensor method (TDMT, /tdmt). This technique is applied to earthquakes with magnitude ML greater than 3.2, when it is possible. The size of symbols scales with the calculated moment magnitude Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in miniseed + resp format Download