Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.0 on date 16-10-2021 and time 04:54:22 (Italy) in region 5 km SE Castiglione dei Pepoli (BO)

A magnitude ML 2.0 earthquake occured in region: 5 km SE Castiglione dei Pepoli (BO), on

  • 16-10-2021 02:54:22 (UTC)
  • 16-10-2021 04:54:22 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 44.1, 11.187 at 11 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Castiglione dei Pepoli BO 5 5648 5648
Vernio PO 6 6060 11708
Cantagallo PO 10 3105 14813
Camugnano BO 11 1885 16698
Barberino di Mugello FI 12 10836 27534
San Benedetto Val di Sambro BO 14 4315 31849
Castel di Casio BO 14 3448 35297
Sambuca Pistoiese PT 15 1626 36923
Vaiano PO 15 9895 46818
Firenzuola FI 16 4726 51544
Monghidoro BO 17 3749 55293
Grizzana Morandi BO 18 3916 59209
Alto Reno Terme BO 18 6960 66169
Scarperia e San Piero FI 19 12217 78386

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
25 Km N of Prato (191150 inhabitants)
28 Km NE of Pistoia (90315 inhabitants)
37 Km N of Firenze (382808 inhabitants)
38 Km N of Scandicci (50609 inhabitants)
46 Km S of Bologna (386663 inhabitants)
51 Km SW of Imola (69797 inhabitants)
59 Km W of Faenza (58541 inhabitants)
62 Km E of Lucca (89046 inhabitants)
64 Km SE of Modena (184973 inhabitants)
70 Km W of Forlì (117913 inhabitants)
76 Km NE of Pisa (89158 inhabitants)
79 Km E of Viareggio (62467 inhabitants)
80 Km SE of Carpi (70699 inhabitants)
80 Km SE of Reggio nell'Emilia (171345 inhabitants)
84 Km E of Massa (69479 inhabitants)
84 Km W of Cesena (96758 inhabitants)
87 Km E of Carrara (63133 inhabitants)
88 Km N of Siena (53903 inhabitants)
88 Km W of Ravenna (159116 inhabitants)
89 Km SW of Ferrara (133155 inhabitants)
90 Km NW of Arezzo (99543 inhabitants)
93 Km NE of Livorno (159219 inhabitants)
Recent and historical seismicity

These maps show the seismic activity in different time intervals, before the seismic event to which they refer. Data reported in the first two maps come from the analysis carried out in real time by the personnel of the INGV Operating Rooms, immediately after each earthquake. The third map shows data from 1985 to the date of the earthquake: the locations are reviewed by the seismological analysts of the INGV Italian Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV). The localization parameters (hypocentral coordinates and magnitude) are the best possible estimate with the data available to the INGV, but are constantly updated according to further data that become available. The location and magnitude parameters, subsequently reviewed by seismological analysts, may vary.

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 0.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 72 hours preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 2.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 90 days preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 3.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, from 1985 to the date of this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version 3.0, https://doi.org/10.13127/cpti/cpti15.3) since 1000 AD until 2019. The size of the square indicates the different classes of magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy (http://zonesismiche.mi.ingv.it) that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Shakemap
Felt maps
Preliminary map of the earthquake effects from the web questionnaire

Preliminary map of the earthquake effects from the web questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of earthquake resentment in the area, expressed in terms of intensity on the MCS scale (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg). Intensities are determined using data from questionnaires collected on the website http://www.hsit.it. The intensities shown are determined considering all the reports received from each municipality, and are all the more reliable the greater the number of questionnaires. The collected data are subjected to an automatic statistical filter, but are not checked individually. In particular, intensities greater than or equal to the VI degree of the MCS or EMS scale require on-site verification by specialized personnel. The black star is the epicenter of the earthquake that occurred. This map is updated every time citizens fill out new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires processed to obtain this map, the date and time of the last update are shown at the top right.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Reviewed
Rev100
ML 2.0 2021-10-16
02:54:22
44.0998 11.187 11 2021-10-16
02:59:05
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 96632761
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information

Origin

Field Value
Time (UTC) 2021-10-16 02:54:22 ± 0.06
Latitude 44.0998 ± 0.0036
Longitude 11.1870 ± 0.0050
Depth (km) 11 ± 0 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 96632761

Uncertainty

Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 399
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 310
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 50
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 400
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68

Quality

Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 144
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 31
Number of defining phases 14
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.12
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 0.33904
Number of stations at which the event was observed 23
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 7
Magnitude information

ML:2

Field Value
Value 2
Uncertainty 0.3
Num. used stations 38
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 96632761
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2021-10-16 02:59:05
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
ST.VARA.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:56.80 3.0 negative manual Pg 3.99 0
IV.MURB.HNZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:47.48 3.0 undecidable manual P 1.03 0
IV.OSSC.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:42.55 3.0 undecidable manual S -1.01 0
IV.PLMA.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:42.13 3.0 negative manual P 0.61 0
GU.CARD.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:40.67 3.0 undecidable manual S -0.58 0
GU.MAIM.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:35.09 3.0 negative manual P 1.52 0
IV.CRMI.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:35.41 0.6 undecidable manual S 206 0.339 50 0.29 45
IV.CSNT.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:35.42 3.0 negative manual P -0.08 0
IV.PII.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:34.34 3.0 negative manual P -0.59 0
IV.OSSC.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:34.34 3.0 positive manual P -0.16 0
GU.POPM.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:34.24 0.6 undecidable manual S 260 0.3139 50 -0.14 47
IV.SFI.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:33.05 3.0 negative manual P -0.65 0
IT.FIE.HGZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:33.90 0.6 undecidable manual S 165 0.3022 50 -0.15 47
IV.IMOL.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:33.83 3.0 negative manual P 0.67 0
GU.GSCL.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:33.17 3.0 negative manual P 0.07 0
IV.BRIS.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:32.16 3.0 positive manual P -0.22 0
IV.BDI.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:31.19 3.0 positive manual P -0.43 0
IV.ZCCA.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:30.08 3.0 positive manual P 0.61 0
IV.RUFI.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:30.06 3.0 positive manual P -0.45 0
IV.MPPT.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:29.51 0.6 undecidable manual S 206 0.1583 122 -0.26 47
GU.POPM.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:29.32 0.1 positive manual P 260 0.3139 50 -0.08 95
IV.CRMI.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:29.86 0.1 undecidable manual P 206 0.339 50 0.03 95
IT.FIE.HGZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:29.12 1.0 undecidable manual P 165 0.3022 50 -0.09 24
IV.SEI.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:28.79 0.6 undecidable manual S 110 0.1313 127 -0.12 49
IV.MOCL.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:27.82 0.6 undecidable manual S 183 0.0953 136 -0.04 50
IV.VISG.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:27.43 3.0 positive manual P -0.59 0
IV.FNVD.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:27.41 0.6 undecidable manual S 326 0.0818 140 -0.12 49
IV.SEI.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:26.24 0.1 undecidable manual P 110 0.1313 127 0 100
IV.MPPT.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:26.81 0.1 positive manual P 206 0.1583 122 0.07 98
IV.FNVD.HHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:25.54 0.1 undecidable manual P 326 0.0818 140 0.1 99
IV.MOCL.EHZ. 2021-10-16T02:54:25.79 0.1 positive manual P 183 0.0953 136 0.16 98
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.MOCL.EHN. ML:2.9 0.01025 1.74 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:27.07
IV.MOCL.EHE. ML:2.4 0.002965 0.86 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:28.33
IV.MPPT.EHN. ML:2.3 0.001575 1.74 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:29.01
IV.SEI.HHE. ML:2.8 0.00626 1.64 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:30.17
IV.SEI.HHN. ML:2.9 0.008045 1.56 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:30.97
IV.MPPT.EHE. ML:2.2 0.00127 0.66 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:30.47
IV.VISG.HHE. ML:1.9 0.000585 0.44 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:31.50
IV.VISG.HHN. ML:1.9 0.000522 1.08 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:32.21
GU.POPM.HHN. ML:2.2 0.000683 0.32 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:34.55
IV.RUFI.EHE. ML:1.6 0.00013275 0.88 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:36.47
IV.CRMI.HHE. ML:1.6 0.0001535 0.2 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:36.72
GU.POPM.HHE. ML:2.2 0.0006565 1.06 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:37.11
IV.BDI.HHN. ML:2.1 0.000321 0.7 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:38.23
IV.BDI.HNE. ML:2.1 0.00036 0.68 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:38.44
IV.ZCCA.HHE. ML:1.8 0.0002435 0.96 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:38.90
IV.BDI.HNN. ML:2.1 0.000361 1.08 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:39.29
IV.CRMI.HHN. ML:1.8 0.0002185 0.48 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:39.77
IV.BDI.HHE. ML:2.2 0.0004125 1.04 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:39.30
IV.SFI.EHE. ML:1.9 0.000177 0.2 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:41.46
GU.GSCL.HHE. ML:1.9 0.000178 0.28 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:41.71
GU.GSCL.HHN. ML:1.9 0.0001635 0.28 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:41.84
IV.SFI.EHN. ML:1.9 0.0001775 0.84 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:42.60
GU.CARD.HHE. ML:2.2 0.000311 0.46 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:43.61
GU.CARD.HHN. ML:2.2 0.0003365 0.7 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:43.70
IV.RUFI.EHN. ML:1.6 0.0001625 0.72 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:43.77
GU.MAIM.HHE. ML:1.7 0.000114 1.6 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:43.15
GU.MAIM.HHN. ML:2 0.000204 1.54 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:44.85
IV.OSSC.HHE. ML:2 0.000205 1.3 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:44.83
IV.BRIS.HHE. ML:2 0.000259 0.42 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:44.44
IV.ZCCA.HHN. ML:1.7 0.000231 1.04 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:44.22
IV.PII.HHN. ML:2.5 0.000544 0.26 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:45.52
IV.PII.HHE. ML:2.4 0.000426 0.56 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:46.49
IV.CSNT.HHE. ML:1.9 0.0001435 0.3 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:46.26
IV.BRIS.HHN. ML:2 0.0002385 0.76 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:46.80
IV.OSSC.HHN. ML:2 0.000191 0.98 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:49.93
IV.CSNT.HHN. ML:2 0.0001795 0.38 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:49.45
IV.PLMA.HHN. ML:2 7.795E-5 0.42 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:54:57.39
IV.PLMA.HHE. ML:1.9 6.905E-5 0.76 AML other m 2021-10-16T02:55:00.39
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Fault Plane solutions in the area
Fault Plane solutions

Fault Plane solutions

The map reports the fault plane solutions for earthquakes in the region from 1977 to the date of this event. Red moment tensors are determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor technique (RCMT, http://www.bo.ingv.it/RCMT) applied for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when a station azimuthal coverage exists RCMTs can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude down to 4.0. The gray moment tensors are obtained with the Time Domain Moment Tensor method (TDMT, http://terremoti.ingv.it/tdmt). This technique is applied to earthquakes with magnitude ML greater than 3.2, when it is possible. The size of symbols scales with the calculated moment magnitude Mw.
Download
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in miniseed + resp format Download