Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.1 on date 08-10-2021 and time 11:08:49 (Italy) in region 2 km SE Bertinoro (FC)

A magnitude ML 2.1 earthquake occured in region: 2 km SE Bertinoro (FC), on

  • 08-10-2021 09:08:49 (UTC)
  • 08-10-2021 11:08:49 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 44.132, 12.145 at 6 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Bertinoro FC 2 11059 11059
Forlimpopoli FC 6 13290 24349
Meldola FC 7 9970 34319
Cesena FC 8 96758 131077
Forlì FC 13 117913 248990
Predappio FC 14 6346 255336
Montiano FC 14 1716 257052
Gambettola FC 16 10660 267712
Longiano FC 16 7126 274838
Castrocaro Terme e Terra del Sole FC 16 6426 281264
Roncofreddo FC 17 3386 284650
Sogliano al Rubicone FC 19 3195 287845
Gatteo FC 19 9068 296913
Mercato Saraceno FC 20 6886 303799

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
8 Km W of Cesena (96758 inhabitants)
13 Km SE of Forlì (117913 inhabitants)
27 Km SE of Faenza (58541 inhabitants)
32 Km S of Ravenna (159116 inhabitants)
35 Km W of Rimini (147750 inhabitants)
42 Km SE of Imola (69797 inhabitants)
66 Km W of Pesaro (94582 inhabitants)
76 Km SE of Bologna (386663 inhabitants)
77 Km N of Arezzo (99543 inhabitants)
77 Km W of Fano (60888 inhabitants)
82 Km E of Firenze (382808 inhabitants)
88 Km E of Scandicci (50609 inhabitants)
88 Km E of Prato (191150 inhabitants)
89 Km SE of Ferrara (133155 inhabitants)
Recent and historical seismicity

These maps show the seismic activity in different time intervals, before the seismic event to which they refer. Data reported in the first two maps come from the analysis carried out in real time by the personnel of the INGV Operating Rooms, immediately after each earthquake. The third map shows data from 1985 to the date of the earthquake: the locations are reviewed by the seismological analysts of the INGV Italian Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV). The localization parameters (hypocentral coordinates and magnitude) are the best possible estimate with the data available to the INGV, but are constantly updated according to further data that become available. The location and magnitude parameters, subsequently reviewed by seismological analysts, may vary.

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 3 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 0.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 72 hours preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

Earthquakes of the 90 days preceding this event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 2.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, in the 90 days preceding this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

Earthquakes from 1985 to the date of the event

This map shows the earthquake epicenters with magnitude ≥ 3.0, localized with data recorded by the National Seismic Network and other collaborative networks both in Italy and in neighboring countries, from 1985 to the date of this event. The size of the circle indicates the different classes of magnitude. The colors indicate the different time intervals preceding the seismic event. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2019

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version 3.0, https://doi.org/10.13127/cpti/cpti15.3) since 1000 AD until 2019. The size of the square indicates the different classes of magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The black and white star is the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy (http://zonesismiche.mi.ingv.it) that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Shakemap
Felt maps
Preliminary map of the earthquake effects from the web questionnaire

Preliminary map of the earthquake effects from the web questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of earthquake resentment in the area, expressed in terms of intensity on the MCS scale (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg). Intensities are determined using data from questionnaires collected on the website http://www.hsit.it. The intensities shown are determined considering all the reports received from each municipality, and are all the more reliable the greater the number of questionnaires. The collected data are subjected to an automatic statistical filter, but are not checked individually. In particular, intensities greater than or equal to the VI degree of the MCS or EMS scale require on-site verification by specialized personnel. The black star is the epicenter of the earthquake that occurred. This map is updated every time citizens fill out new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires processed to obtain this map, the date and time of the last update are shown at the top right.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Reviewed
Rev100
ML 2.1 2021-10-08
09:08:49
44.1323 12.1453 6 2021-10-08
09:16:12
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 96343451
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information

Origin

Field Value
Time (UTC) 2021-10-08 09:08:49 ± 0.2
Latitude 44.1323 ± 0.0099
Longitude 12.1453 ± 0.0150
Depth (km) 6 ± 2 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 96343451

Uncertainty

Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 1234
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 649
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 45
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 1230
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68

Quality

Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 149
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 31
Number of defining phases 13
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.48
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 0.50452
Number of stations at which the event was observed 24
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 8
Magnitude information

ML:2.1

Field Value
Value 2.1
Uncertainty 0.4
Num. used stations 41
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 96343451
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2021-10-08 09:16:12
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
OT.OT05.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:10:26.26 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -1.74 0
IV.MSSA.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:47.98 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -0.63 0
IV.POFI.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:37.48 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 4.58 0
GU.RNCA.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:30.89 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 2.51 0
IV.ZEN8.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:23.03 3.0 negative manual Pg 1.8 0
IV.ATFO.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:20.18 3.0 undecidable manual S 0.67 0
IV.RIBO.EHZ.01 2021-10-08T09:09:18.47 3.0 negative manual P 2.38 0
IT.FIE.HGZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:17.42 3.0 undecidable manual S 1.37 0
IV.CSP1.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:14.98 3.0 negative manual P 1.08 0
IV.PIEI.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:13.96 3.0 undecidable manual S -0.05 0
IV.CRTC.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:11.31 3.0 undecidable manual S -1.88 0
IV.RUFI.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:10.19 3.0 undecidable manual S 0
IV.EL6.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:10.39 3.0 undecidable manual P -0.11 0
IV.IMOL.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:05.03 0.3 undecidable manual S 308 0.3669 98 0.9 50
IV.FRON.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:04.60 3.0 undecidable manual P -0.08 0
IV.SFI.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:02.59 0.3 undecidable manual S 223 0.313 100 0.52 71
IV.LMD.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:02.65 0.6 undecidable manual S 260 0.3193 99 0.34 48
IV.PIEI.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:02.51 3.0 negative manual P -0.67 0
IV.NARO.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:01.84 3.0 undecidable manual Pn -0.36 0
IV.BRIS.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:01.30 0.6 undecidable manual S 289 0.2869 100 0.22 50
IV.VISG.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:00.12 3.0 positive manual P -0.86 0
IV.RUFI.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:00.21 3.0 undecidable manual P 0
IV.PE3.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:00.35 0.1 undecidable manual P 150 0.5045 50 -0.22 100
IV.PARC.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:09:00.15 0.1 undecidable manual P 172 0.4883 50 -0.15 98
IV.IMOL.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:58.31 0.1 undecidable manual P 308 0.3669 98 0.21 95
IV.SFI.EHZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:56.55 0.6 negative manual P 223 0.313 100 -0.35 48
IV.BRSN.HNZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:56.96 0.6 undecidable manual S 343 0.1583 108 0.67 50
IV.LMD.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:56.31 0.1 undecidable manual P 260 0.3193 99 -0.74 85
IV.RSM2.HHE. 2021-10-08T09:08:56.96 0.1 undecidable manual P 132 0.2905 100 0.54 97
IV.BRIS.HHZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:55.88 0.1 undecidable manual P 289 0.2869 100 -0.46 95
IV.BRSN.HNZ. 2021-10-08T09:08:53.05 0.1 undecidable manual P 343 0.1583 108 -0.52 89
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.BRSN.HNN. ML:2.3 0.0017871189 0.1984 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:57.12
IV.BRSN.EHN. ML:2.3 0.00180417085 0.1984 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:57.12
IV.BRSN.EHE. ML:2.4 0.00212 0.26 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:57.13
IV.BRSN.HNE. ML:2.4 0.0024213245 0.2816 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:57.14
IV.SFI.EHN. ML:0 0.00035880555 0.16 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:04.48
IV.SFI.EHE. ML:0 0.0003222432 0.3392 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:04.53
IV.BRIS.HHN. ML:2 0.0004516507 0.4224 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:08.84
IV.BRIS.HHE. ML:2 0.00051504975 0.256 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:05.18
IV.VISG.HHE. ML:1.3 4.594437E-5 0.2624 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:09.97
IV.VISG.HHN. ML:1.4 5.796716E-5 0.1344 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:09.46
IV.BRIS.HNE. ML:1.4 0.00011573522 0.6272 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:58.39
IV.BRIS.HNN. ML:1.6 0.00018789905 0.7232 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:08:57.16
IV.LMD.HHE. ML:2.1 0.0005312552 0.16 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:04.04
IV.LMD.HHN. ML:3.1 0.004891439 0.416 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:14.73
IV.SFI.HNE. ML:2 0.00045806045 0.352 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:04.35
IV.SFI.HNN. ML:2 0.00040974175 0.1728 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:04.47
IV.IMOL.HNE. ML:2.3 0.00070961835 0.2112 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:07.29
IV.IMOL.HNN. ML:2.4 0.0008080441 0.0576 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:20.39
IV.PARC.HHE. ML:1.2 3.91981588E-5 46.5216 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:00.14
IV.PARC.HHN. ML:1.6 9.112462E-5 0.9216 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:20.71
IV.RUFI.EHE. ML:1.1 2.5227135E-5 44.4416 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:00.26
IV.RUFI.EHN. ML:1.8 0.00012428385 0.2752 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:12.48
IV.PE3.EHE. ML:2.1 0.00028537165 1.0368 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:02.43
IV.PE3.EHN. ML:2 0.00021196425 0.3968 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:14.30
IV.NARO.HHE. ML:1.4 5.0180775E-5 0.2176 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:13.96
IV.NARO.HHN. ML:1.6 7.003198E-5 0.1408 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:15.57
IV.PIEI.HHE. ML:1.9 0.0001184724 0.2176 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:14.61
IV.PIEI.HHN. ML:1.7 7.8380755E-5 0.2816 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:14.76
IV.FRON.EHE. ML:1.8 9.550349E-5 0.9984 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:27.96
IV.FRON.EHN. ML:1.8 9.441728E-5 0.48 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:17.86
IV.EL6.EHE. ML:2.5 0.0002573409 2.0032 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:36.48
IV.EL6.EHN. ML:2.5 0.0002565457 1.7408 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:30.30
IV.CSP1.EHE. ML:2.8 0.0003597041 2.0992 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:29.59
IV.CSP1.EHN. ML:2.8 0.00031182755 1.7408 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:10:00.62
IV.RIBO.EHE.01 ML:3 0.0004965179 0.0768 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:20.78
IV.ZEN8.EHE. ML:2 3.037303E-5 0.0576 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:27.73
IV.ZEN8.EHN. ML:2.1 3.5009885E-5 0.5376 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:47.50
IV.ZEN8.HNE. ML:2.5 0.00010060796 0.4288 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:24.15
IV.ZEN8.HNN. ML:2.7 0.0001607885 0.9408 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:57.08
GU.RNCA.HHE. ML:2.2 3.0503828E-5 1.0624 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:58.40
GU.RNCA.HHN. ML:2.2 2.9839605E-5 0.96 AML other m 2021-10-08T09:09:53.35
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Fault Plane solutions in the area
Fault Plane solutions

Fault Plane solutions

The map reports the fault plane solutions for earthquakes in the region from 1977 to the date of this event. Red moment tensors are determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor technique (RCMT, http://www.bo.ingv.it/RCMT) applied for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when a station azimuthal coverage exists RCMTs can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude down to 4.0. The gray moment tensors are obtained with the Time Domain Moment Tensor method (TDMT, http://terremoti.ingv.it/tdmt). This technique is applied to earthquakes with magnitude ML greater than 3.2, when it is possible. The size of symbols scales with the calculated moment magnitude Mw.
Download
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in miniseed + resp format Download