Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.3 on date 02-05-2020 and time 19:51:26 (Italy) in region 1 km SW Bibbiano (RE)

A magnitude ML 2.3 earthquake occured in region: 1 km SW Bibbiano (RE), on

  • 02-05-2020 17:51:26 (UTC)
  • 02-05-2020 19:51:26 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 44.66, 10.47 at 6 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Bibbiano RE 1 10268 10268
Quattro Castella RE 2 13195 23463
San Polo d'Enza RE 5 6083 29546
Montecchio Emilia RE 5 10530 40076
Montechiarugolo PR 6 10813 50889
Cavriago RE 7 9839 60728
Traversetolo PR 7 9425 70153
Canossa RE 8 3844 73997
Vezzano sul Crostolo RE 9 4259 78256
Albinea RE 12 8860 87116
Sant'Ilario d'Enza RE 12 11205 98321
Lesignano de' Bagni PR 13 5028 103349
Reggio nell'Emilia RE 14 171345 274694
Neviano degli Arduini PR 14 3649 278343
Campegine RE 15 5029 283372
Cadelbosco di Sopra RE 16 10628 294000
Casina RE 16 4504 298504
Langhirano PR 16 10315 308819
Gattatico RE 17 5837 314656
Viano RE 17 3374 318030
Felino PR 18 8790 326820
Scandiano RE 19 25483 352303
Castelnovo di Sotto RE 19 8462 360765
Parma PR 20 192836 553601
Sala Baganza PR 20 5561 559162

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
14 Km W of Reggio nell'Emilia (171345 inhabitants)
20 Km SE of Parma (192836 inhabitants)
36 Km W of Carpi (70699 inhabitants)
37 Km W of Modena (184973 inhabitants)
64 Km SE of Cremona (71901 inhabitants)
71 Km NE of Carrara (63133 inhabitants)
72 Km W of Bologna (386663 inhabitants)
73 Km NE of Massa (69479 inhabitants)
75 Km SE of Piacenza (102191 inhabitants)
79 Km NE of La Spezia (93959 inhabitants)
88 Km NW of Pistoia (90315 inhabitants)
89 Km N of Viareggio (62467 inhabitants)
90 Km N of Lucca (89046 inhabitants)
93 Km W of Ferrara (133155 inhabitants)
97 Km SW of Verona (258765 inhabitants)
100 Km NW of Prato (191150 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire ( that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 100 ML 2.3 2020-05-02
44.66 10.47 6 2020-05-02
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 78775301
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2020-05-02 17:51:26 ± 0.41
Latitude 44.66 ± 0.01
Longitude 10.47 ± 0.03
Depth (km) 6 ± 5 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 78775301


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 2397
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 1475
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 238
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 2400
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 86
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 31
Number of defining phases 15
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.56
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.20869
Number of stations at which the event was observed 26
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 11
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 2.3
Uncertainty 0.3
Num. used stations 44
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 78775301
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2020-05-02 18:04:07
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.MNTT.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:52:58.54 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 11.41 0
IV.ROSPO.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:52:45.48 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 15.93 0
OX.CIMO.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:52:28.61 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -1.36 0
MN.TRI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:52:19.24 3.0 positive manual Pg 10.98 0
IV.RONC.. 2020-05-02T17:52:07.78 3.0 undecidable manual S 0
GU.BHB.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:52:06.59 3.0 negative manual Pn 3.59 0
IV.SALO.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:58.54 0.3 undecidable manual S 2 0.9632 50 0.37 64
ST.OZOL.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:57.02 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 0.36 0
IV.CTI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:55.02 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 0
SI.LUSI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:50.12 3.0 negative manual P -0.41 0
ST.DOSS.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:50.11 3.0 negative manual P -0.32 0
ST.RONC.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:50.41 3.0 negative manual P 0.32 0
IV.SEI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:49.00 3.0 positive manual P 3.08 0
IV.PII.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:48.03 3.0 positive manual P 1.63 0
ST.VARA.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:48.67 0.1 positive manual P 14 1.2087 50 -0.14 79
IV.MDI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:48.52 3.0 undecidable manual P 0.17 0
IV.ZONE.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:47.44 0.3 positive manual P 348 1.1349 50 -0.1 59
IV.ZOVE.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:47.07 0.6 positive manual P 42 1.0756 50 0.54 37
IV.MAGA.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:46.44 0.3 positive manual P 6 1.1251 50 -0.94 45
IV.MBAL.EHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:46.50 0.1 undecidable manual P 15 1.0774 50 -0.07 83
IV.SALO.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:45.06 1.0 negative manual P 2 0.9632 50 0.44 20
MN.VLC.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:45.80 0.3 undecidable manual S 187 0.4991 50 1.4 66
GU.POPM.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:41.23 3.0 positive manual P -0.17 0
IV.BDI.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:40.10 3.0 positive manual P -0.31 0
IV.RAVA.EHN. 2020-05-02T17:51:39.24 1.0 undecidable manual P 78 0.4739 50 2.99 1
GU.GRAM.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:38.41 0.6 undecidable manual S 240 0.3292 100 -0.54 40
MN.VLC.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:37.97 0.3 negative manual P 187 0.4991 50 1.3 55
GU.GRAM.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:33.13 0.1 negative manual P 240 0.3292 100 -0.39 92
IV.PRMA.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:32.65 0.3 undecidable manual S 315 0.1538 110 0.25 64
GU.GSCL.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:32.79 0.1 undecidable manual P 164 0.3166 100 -0.47 98
IV.PRMA.HHZ. 2020-05-02T17:51:29.43 0.1 undecidable manual P 315 0.1538 110 -0.31 100
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.PRMA.HHE. ML:2.7 0.00431 0.24 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:32.86
IV.PRMA.HHN. ML:2.7 0.00468 1.32 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:33.26
GU.GRAM.HHN. ML:2.4 0.000951 1.7 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:38.88
GU.GRAM.HHE. ML:2.3 0.000884 0.3 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:40.49
MN.VLC.HHE. ML:2.1 0.0002665 0.58 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:47.46
MN.VLC.HNE. ML:2.1 0.0002785 0.6 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:47.47
MN.VLC.HHN. ML:1.9 0.000184 0.42 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:47.53
MN.VLC.HNN. ML:2 0.0002065 0.46 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:47.76
GU.GSCL.HHN. ML:1.5 0.00014045 0.8 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:53.49
IV.BDI.HHE. ML:1.8 0.000125 1.16 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:53.15
GU.GSCL.HHE. ML:1.5 0.0001455 0.98 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:53.02
GU.POPM.HHE. ML:2 0.0001465 0.24 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:54.23
GU.POPM.HHN. ML:1.9 0.0001305 0.28 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:51:54.66
IV.SALO.HHN. ML:2.5 0.000307 1.34 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:01.04
IV.SALO.HHE. ML:2.4 0.0002035 0.6 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:01.04
IV.BDI.HHN. ML:1.9 0.000152 0.2 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:01.38
IV.PII.HHE. ML:2.2 0.000164 0.9 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:02.40
IV.MBAL.EHN. ML:2.5 0.0002505 0.12 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:03.22
IV.MBAL.EHE. ML:2.5 0.000245 0.28 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:03.73
IV.PII.HHN. ML:2.1 0.0001155 0.32 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:03.45
IV.ZOVE.EHN. ML:2.3 0.000146 1.08 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:03.27
IV.ZONE.HHN. ML:2.4 0.000161 0.94 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:04.96
IV.ZOVE.HNE. ML:2.3 0.000165 0.74 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:05.41
IV.MAGA.HHN. ML:2.4 0.000163 0.62 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:05.23
IV.MAGA.HHE. ML:2.6 0.0002845 0.74 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:05.66
IV.ZOVE.EHE. ML:2.3 0.0001545 1.3 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:06.79
IV.MDI.HHN. ML:2.2 9.03E-5 1.26 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:06.22
IV.ZONE.HHE. ML:2.3 0.000147 0.16 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:06.76
IV.ZOVE.HNN. ML:2.3 0.0001535 0.52 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:07.29
IV.MDI.HHE. ML:2.2 0.0001038 1.12 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:07.13
ST.VARA.EHN. ML:2.6 0.0002315 0.2 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:08.19
ST.VARA.EHE. ML:2.7 0.0002895 0.76 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:10.44
SI.LUSI.HHN. ML:2.5 0.000178 0.26 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:10.23
ST.RONC.EHE. ML:2.4 0.0001405 0.52 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:10.36
ST.RONC.EHN. ML:2.5 0.0001815 0.46 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:11.48
SI.LUSI.HHE. ML:2.5 0.0001505 0.16 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:11.61
ST.DOSS.HHE. ML:2.2 7.97E-5 1.58 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:13.99
ST.DOSS.HHN. ML:2.2 9.23E-5 0.44 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:13.75
IV.CTI.HHE. ML:2.4 9.305E-5 0.62 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:16.11
IV.CTI.HHN. ML:2.4 9.78E-5 0.68 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:20.43
ST.OZOL.EHN. ML:2.3 6.55E-5 0.92 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:36.23
ST.OZOL.EHE. ML:2.5 9.18E-5 1.54 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:37.10
OX.CIMO.HHN. ML:1.7 1.0165E-5 1.56 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:43.17
OX.CIMO.HHE. ML:1.7 9.885E-6 1.52 AML other m 2020-05-02T17:52:49.01
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download